Why do West Coast Horses Breeze Further than those on the East Coast?

Last weekend’s stakes entries out west breezed 6F or further 89 times, while Easterners only recorded 12 works of that distance, with half of those courtesy of Bob Baffert and Jonathan Sheppard. 25 times a horse racing out west worked 7F to a mile, but only a single horse in the East put in that type of effort.

The past few years made comparisons of this type somewhat risky, as all surfaces out west were of the synthetic variety, but this year many of the works have taken place over the new dirt strip at Santa Anita. It’s a known fact that synthetics are up to 50% easier on the bones of racehorses, so it would stand to reason that a discerning trainer would realize his 4F works on dirt are equal to 6F efforts on synthetic – but this year even when those on the left coast work over dirt, the distances covered are much longer than those in the east.

Of the 45 starters in the 6 big graded stakes races at Santa Anita this weekend, each averaged 2 works of 6F or further as recorded in the DRF. Of the 35 starters at Belmont; just 0.3 long works per starter. One doesn’t need to be a statistician to realize this is significant, the question is why?

The easiest answer I believe is the ‘copycat’ syndrome. If you are at Belmont getting whipped by Todd Pletcher’s horses every day, and he works them 4F, you are likely to do the same. Out West Bob Baffert is the top man, and as he continues to cash checks you will most likely attempt to emulate his ways. A recent post contrasted the methods of these two top conditioners:


As the Baffert vs. Pletcher post discussed, even the gallop outs past the wire seem to be longer and faster out West. Anecdotally, I hear about works at DelMar and SA where horses work well past the turn after the wire, a practice not as common in the East. So it’s likely this data would be even more skewed could these extra furlongs be captured and quantified.

Also of note is the practice of the blowout; working a horse a short distance within 2-3 days of a race. Carl Nafzger is the most famous modern day trainer who gave his two Derby winners a stiff 4F work 36 hours prior to loading in the gate on the First Saturday in May – more details on the physiological basis of the blowout can be found here:


A west coast stakes horse last weekend was 9x more likely to have a blowout than one back east. This leads me to handicapping.

I forget which service it was; either Thorograph or Ragozin – but one published a study pronouncing blowouts as bad for race performance and 5F as the key length of a workout. I have much, much respect for all of the statistical work these camps undertake, but I find a flaw in their condemnation of the blowout. If I remember correctly, it was determined that a horse with a recorded work within 3 days of a race ran much poorer than his odds would indicate. However, what they fail to control for is the fact that many trainers who realize their charges have only cheap speed and no stamina realize that getting out front and attempting to steal the race is their only shot at winning, therefore these types are blown out more often – and run up the track. No doubt this is a very viable racing strategy, but it leads to the numbers used in the study to be skewed in that classy, stamina laden horses are excluded from the calculations.

I know that Mr. Pletcher is an avid consumer of this type of work, and he has no doubt seen that proclamation, but I don’t believe it is 100% applicable to conditioning individual racehorses. So that is why I believe the practice is nearly absent east of the Mississippi. Believe me, if Pletcher blew out 10 of his horses next month, so would many other trainers who rightfully study his every move.

Here is where many horsemen and women will counter with the statement: “All horses are different, some thrive off extra work – and some do not.” I agree, partly. All horses are surely different with respect to psychological means, but all SOUND horses have the same blood, bone, muscle, etc. and respond similarly to physiological stress. The hard part is reading the signals. For the past 100+ years, those signals came from the outside and were subjective: appetite, coat, behavior, ears, eyes, etc. It’s now the 21st century, and we now can observe internal signals such as heart rate and lactic acid dynamics in the blood. When you rely solely on the former, you are forced to be extra cautious in your exercise prescriptions – and may leave some fitness gains on the table.

For the first time in several years, we should have an even playing field at this year’s Breeders Cup races over the dirt at Churchill. West Coasters won’t be penalized for working and racing over synthetic all season long, as many will come from the SA strip, and will meet up with the East Coast contingent over a truly neutral location/surface. Maybe then we’ll get some conclusions as to the best way to condition a horse: short and fast, or longer and (slightly) slower?

For my two cents; I like both – short 3F speed sharpeners every week, along with a mile just under a 2 min lick pace for stakes quality racing stock. If one attempts to condition for speed and stamina at the same time, as in a 5F move, you often leave both with something to be desired. If you knock a few eighths off and concentrate solely on speed, you shouldn’t need to wait a full 6 days to come back with a longer, stamina building session. That’s the way Triple Crown winners did it:


About bpressey

Equine Exercise Physiologist

Posted on October 4, 2011, in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. 10 Comments.

  1. Interesting observance.

    Unfortunately, the four-furlong works might not be the only thing people are copying from Pletcher. Seems like everyone’s racing their horses less often once a certain horse has success doing that, and many of those have been Pletcher’s. Baffert’s favorite workout distance is five furlongs, and it’s a perhaps the most common distance, though four furlongs is also popular. Maybe the sampling of horses was not representative of the norm? Synthetic surfaces may be softer on bones, but they’re more strenous for muscles and ligaments, so I don’t think trainers need to add any distance to be even with fitness on dirt.

    I don’t have an explanation for why stakes horses in California work longer than those in New York, but my theory would just be that they’re trained harder in general in California. Getting a “breezing” designation is an uncommon honor, unlike everywhere else where clockers give it out like candy. There’s an entire colony of private clockers; workouts are probably under more scrutiny than anywhere else. I’ve heard or read comments from several trainers that they were shocked when they came to California and saw how hard horses are trained, sometimes whipped down the stretch and ridden out well past the wire. The dirt times are faster versus New York’s, but that could also be a product of the surface.

    No such thing as a “truly neutral location/surface” anywhere. Churchill is known to soup up their track on big days and for the “golden rail.” If it’s muddy/soft, which would not be unheard of in that region at that time of year, it can dramatically alter some horses’ chances for better or worse. Also, some races will be run under lights, which some horses have never experienced. And looking at a map, California horses will have to travel at least twice as far as New York/Midatlantic horses. Kentucky’s also in the same time zone as the latter. Kentucky might be known as part of the Midwest, but since the Lousiana Purchase that’s the only thing Western about it. It’s in the east. I think Lone Star Park is the closest the Breeders’ Cup ever came to a neutral location.

  2. Very interesting.

    Coming from the east coast, I couldn’t understand why guys did were so focused on working out past the wire when I started clocking SoCal a year ago for GradeOneRacing.com.

    Now I get it: most trainers do not come to the frontside, but they want to see how their horse finishes and tracks are not built to suit that out here. At Churchill Downs – other than with the tents during Derby week – you have a pretty unobstructed view of the wire from any spot on the backstretch rail. Here at Hollywood Park, the toteboard, the ads next to the toteboard, and the jumbotron take up an eighth of a mile at the wire: so a trainer who doesn’t want to get on a horse or come to the frontside but who still wants to see the work, has to have them go to where he can see. The same is true at Del Mar. When I clocked Santa Anita over the summer, the majority of horses worked to the wire – probably because the backstretch is next to the grandstand, so trainers can easily watch their horses go.

    I also believe there’s something to the mental aspect of having a horse work past the wire. They are creatures of habit and take well to routines; therefore, if they’re used to sprinting out past the wire in the morning, they should be inclined to do the same in the afternoon.

  3. I don’t know of a “known fact” that synthetics are 50% easier on a horse than dirt…..where did you get that info? The margin of horses suffering catastrophic breakdowns are incredibly slim (fewer) on synthetic compared to dirt. That’s what all the commotion was about with CHRB (under exec Director Shapiro at the time) mandating an untested, unproven racing surface…..don’t you remember? Turns out, CHRB was wrong.

  4. Frankel, one of my favorites in Europe and possibly the best miler in the free world also works quite aggressively just one week before a big start:

    Ridden by Tom Queally, the son of Galileo, unbeaten in eight starts, was in action on the watered gallop with regular work companion Bullet Train.
    The pair worked over seven and a half furlongs with Frankel stretching five lengths clear of his three-parts brother in impressive fashion.

    Small wonder why he was able to keep his 2yo form at age 3 while others have wavered.

  5. Nice post and Q I’ve wondered about since the early ’80s. back in those days the east coast trainers in general rarely conducted any regular breeze work at all that was discernible in the Form, while on West Coast Frankel and Ron McAnnally and a few others regularly did 4f works occasionally extending further once a week, generally. Interestingly it’s all ratcheted up now on both coasts though seemingly they still train ’em tougher in the West. Maybe light east coast training began with the Woody Stephens copy cats. And, will, as I think Pressey posted, somebody trying to beat Plecher do more than Plecher and succeed??? Then there’s K. McLaughlin–“why do more with a horse when less will do”…..as quoted in Staaden’s book.

  6. I like the 6 F works put in by Aruna before she skated past her competition yesterday at Keeneland in the Spinster.East Coast training is very light,except for a few trainers,it seems.

  1. Pingback: On Bodemeister and Why Baffert Owns Oaklawn Park « ThoroEdge Equine Performance

  2. Pingback: California Dreamin’ at the 2012 Kentucky Derby « ThoroEdge Equine Performance

  3. Pingback: BC2012: Take West Coasters on Dirt, Euros on Turf « ThoroEdge Equine Performance

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: